When we design a product, the first thing to consider is the satisfaction level of that user. That is why it is recommended that designers learn some basics of human psychology so that they can understand user behavior and motivation. One of the easiest firsts to look at is about color and how color psychology affects people’s moods and behaviors. Each color has a special meaning and influence on people. The right colors chosen for the design can get the user to take the action you want.
Color meanings can vary depending on the target audience’s culture. Furthermore, sometimes a color can have completely opposite meanings in different countries. Today we will learn the meaning of primary colors and how they are interpreted in different cultures.

9219 4842333ad262ff53124d89c8050d0c28

Below is a list of primary colors and their meanings.


    • Western Cultures (America and Western Europe): Love, Passion, and Danger. Red is youthful and full of energy.
    • Eastern/Asian Cultures: Most Asian cultures consider red to be good luck, long life and happiness. Brides often get married in red to ensure a happy marriage. Especially in India, it brings a pure soul, love, beauty, wealth and power.
    • Middle East: Dangerous and cautious but sometimes threatening.
    • Latin America: In Latin America red means passion but can also symbolize Christianity when used with white.
    • South Africa: In South Africa, red also symbolizes sacrifice and mourning.


9222 8d1b1670b1748281f8e954aabad72a2d

Illustration: Rudy Muhardika​

Orange is the color of firelight, leaves in autumn. However it has many meanings all over the world and one of them has little consolation.

    • Western culture: Orange is the color of autumn and harvest. It also symbolizes the ability to pay. In Northern Ireland, again the color of Protestantism. It is also the national color of the Netherlands, which is associated with royalty. For brands, it’s kid-friendly, fun colors, and attracts impulsive buyers.
    • Eastern/Asian Cultures: The orange saffron flower has sacred significance in India, as well as in cultures other than Hindu or Buddhist. In Japan and China, it symbolizes courage, happiness, prosperity and good health.
    • Middle East: Danger, funeral and loss.
    • Latin America: Orange is associated with the sun and the earth.


9220 3fb5358f662fb4d7fd9d5b8067757445 1

TDesigner: Viacheslav Olianishyn​

Yellow is the color of sunlight. Brands like IKEA, Lipton, and McDonal use yellow for their logos, so that it gives off optimism, a happy vibe…but what about other companies.

    • Western Cultures: In most Western cultures, the color yellow brings to the heart the warmth of the sun. It is the color of summer. However, in France and Germany, sometimes it’s jealousy.
    • Eastern/Asian Cultures: Gold also has a positive connotation in most Asian cultures. In Japan, it is a royal color that represents courage and prosperity. In Thailand, it is a lucky color along with the deceased King Bhumibol. However, in China it is a symbol of pornography.
    • Middle East: In Egypt, yellow is the color of mourning. However, it usually has more positive connotations for the rest of the region.
    • Latin America: Yellow is a symbol of funerals in Latin America.
    • Africa: In Africa, yellow is the color of wealth and status.


9221 f209d647e3715d6f5dfaa91965ef4528

Illustration: Owen Gatley​

Green is the color of grass and leaves, which is why it often represents nature. It is often considered a calming color.

    • Western Cultures: In Western cultures, green often connotes jealousy. However, since it is associated with Ireland and the four-leaf clover, it also brings good luck. And because a green traffic light means go, it can symbolize progress. Green is also used in marketing to indicate environmental awareness.
    • Eastern/Asian Cultures: Green represents nature, fertility and youth in most Eastern cultures. However, in China it is just infidelity.
    • Middle East: In the Middle East, too, green indicates fertility, money and luck. Equally important, it is also the color of Islam.
    • Latin/South America: In Mexico, green is the national color and is considered patriotic. However, green is the color of death in a Latin and South American country.


Calm, peaceful green is a favorite color for international brands. Although its meanings vary across cultures, they all have positive connotations.

    • Western culture: Blue represents trust and authority. It is associated with purity but also sadness.
    • Eastern Cultures: Blue is immortality, healing and relaxation in Asian cultures. In India, it is the color of Krishna and connotes strength.
    • Turkey, Greece, Iran, Afghanistan, and Albania: In these countries, the blue talisman leaves the devil blank.
    • Middle East: Safety, Protection, and Spirituality. However, it can also be a symbol of funerals.
    • Latin and South America: In Mexico, blue can be a sign of mourning.


9224 8d17b17bdb0581ec938bdd352b33daf0

Illustration: Walid Beno​

Because purple dye used to be expensive to produce, it was often associated with wealth.

    • Western culture: Purple symbolizes royalty, wealth and fame. However, in some parts of Europe it is associated with death.
    • Eastern/Asian Cultures: Purple also represents nobility in most Asian cultures. However, it is a symbol of mourning in Thailand.
    • Middle East: Again, purple symbolizes wealth.
    • Latin America and South America: In Brazil, purple indicates mourning or death.
    • Africa: Purple is also a symbol of royalty and wealth in Africa.


What about black? All the colors of the rainbow mixed together, turning into the color of the night, the darkness. Perhaps unsurprisingly, the color black has so many symbolic meanings around the world.

    • Western Cultures: In Western cultures, black indicates sophistication and formality. However, it is also the main color of death, mourning, funerals. Black is reminiscent of darkness and sometimes the devil.
    • Eastern/Asian Cultures: In China, black is the color of young men. It has other positive connotations, like health and prosperity. In Japan, it symbolizes mystery and feminine energy. In India, it can symbolize evil, rebellion, or death.
    • Latin America/South America: Black indicates masculinity and can also be used for funerals.
    • Middle East: In the Middle East, black indicates evil, mystery and mourning. However, it can also refer to rebirth.
    • Africa: Black indicates maturity and masculinity in some African cultures.


9225 0ca6264125312d3d69b81f9bb12b2be7

Design: Nicola Baldo​

White is often used as a background color with no meaning of its own. That said, it is still valid in different cultures.

    • Western culture: White symbolizes purity, innocence, gentleness and peace. In Italy, however, it is traditionally used for funerals.
    • Eastern/Asian cultures: In most Eastern cultures, white indicates death and mourning, as well as unhappiness.
    • Middle East: White is reminiscent of both purity and mourning in the Middle East
    • Latin America / South America: In Latin and South America, white also means peace
    • Africa: In Africa, white symbolizes peace, purity, goodness and luck. However, in Ethiopia it also refers to disease.